The big question is what we’ll end up with when Wolfie goes.

Long-time judge to retire, search underway for successor

By Wendy Johnson

Today at 10:33 a.m.It’s official — Sixth Judicial Court Judge Dale Wolf will retire next month, signaling the end of an era in Carlton County.

Wolf has served on the bench for 36 years, making him the longest-seated judge currently serving in the state of Minnesota.

Wolf was first appointed to the trial court bench as judicial officer for Carlton County on July 5, 1978.  He was then appointed judge of County Court in July 1982 by Governor Al Quie and elected as district court judge for the Sixth District in 1984, 1990, 1996, 2002 and 2008. His current term expires in 2015.

Though Wolf’s official retirement date is only a month away, he was in the Twin Cities this week in drug court training, an up-and-coming judicial format which he hopes Carlton County will be able to get up and running later this year. When and if it does, he will likely be back on the bench, hearing drug court cases a couple of times a month in his retirement capacity as a “senior judge.” He said he also plans to fill in as needed for vacation absences, during times of unusually high caseloads and in other areas of the district where outside judges are needed.

Wolf said though he will still remain active in retirement, it will be nice to find out what it’s like to ease up a bit.

“Ever since I grew up on the farm with chores to do, I’ve always had a schedule I had to meet,” he commented. “With teaching, serving on the bench, performing weekend weddings and helping out my neighbors, I’ve always had things that needed to be done.”

He said the hardest thing about retirement will be leaving behind the daily interaction with his valued co-workers at the county.

“I’ve lost my mom, my dad and my brother,” he said, “but I’ve always felt I had family among the staff members at Carlton County. I have been blessed to work with some of the best employees anywhere. Our county is known for its willingness to work together, without boundaries. It’s heart-warming to see the extra miles those people put in. It’s a story that’s never told.”

Though Wolf will leave behind some mighty big shoes to fill, the process of finding his replacement is already in motion.

According to Carlton County Court Administrator Judy Isaacson, on Feb. 13 Chief Justice Lorie Gildea of the Supreme Court notified Governor Dayton that a vacancy would be occurring in Carlton County upon the retirement of Judge Wolf, effective April 11.

On Feb. 21, the Commission on Judicial Selection was notified and the process for taking applications and selecting candidates began.

Matt Swenson of Governor Mark Dayton’s office said candidates for the position have until April 4 to submit their applications. The Judicial Selection Committee will then have until April 22 to announce their final selections to the Governor. During the three to six weeks following, Governor Dayton will interview the finalists and announce his selection.

Swenson said after the Governor appoints the new judge, he or she will officially be seated within the next two to six weeks.

Isaacson said Carlton County intends to bring in retired judges to assist with hearing cases during the interim period of time until a new judge is appointed and ready to begin working.

Co-workers are planning a retirement courthouse coffee party for Judge Wolf on Thursday, April 10, in the afternoon, and a formal retirement party is being planned for the evening of Friday, April 11.

 

Good to know Minnesota is only the 38th worst state for taxes.

Best and Worst States for Taxes: How’s Your State?

Editor’s Note: The following is a crosspost by Robert Ferris that originally appeared on CNBC.com:

-

Hate paying taxes? Then consider a home on the range, and keep as far away from New York as possible.

The tax burden the average American pays varies tremendously, and depends a lot on where you live, according to a study by financial social media company WalletHub.

The study ranked all 50 states and the District of Columbia.

An American making the median national income, driving an average car and living in the median-priced home could end up paying either 60 percent less or almost 40 percent more than the national average, based only on the state one calls home.

The study’s analysts created a profile of the “average American” based on median income ($65,596), median home price ($174,600) and other data, and then calculated how much the person would spend on taxes living in every state.

It drew on data from several sources, including the Census Bureau, the Internal Revenue Service, the Tax Foundation, and even the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (for taxes paid on liquor).

Best and worst states to be a taxpayer:

WalletHub

Wyoming had the lowest taxes for residents. That state’s taxpayers shell out 66 percent less than the national median. Alaska came in closely behind, and Nevada rounded out the top three.

On the other hand, New York ranked dead last—its residents pay 39 percent above the national average. California is right behind at 37 percent above the average, followed by Nebraska’s 36 percent.

The study accounts for everything from income taxes to alcohol and vehicle taxes, so individual results may vary. Higher taxes can also mean more social services and benefits for residents, so their impact on metrics like quality of life and social mobility may make the expense worth it.

©2014 CNBC LLC. All Rights Reserved. Robert Ferris

Does this hoodie belong to your little bundle of joy? Call the cops if it does.

Police seek information in car wash theft

Posted Today at 2:47 p.m.
The Cloquet Police Department is requesting help from the public to identify a person caught on video March 15 at the Auto Spa Car Wash possibly damaging the bill/coin changing machine and vacuum cleaner and stealing money from both devices.
If people have information or possible suspects, they are asked to contact the Cloquet Police Department at 218-879-1247.

Six years for killing two? I guess I shouldn’t be surprised.

Woman pleads guilty in Carlton County vehicular homicide case

By Mike Creger Today at 8:40 a.m.

Vanessa Rae Brigan, the woman accused of causing a vehicular accident in 2012 that left two Carlton County employees dead, pleaded guilty Tuesday to two counts of criminal vehicular homicide and is expected to serve six years in prison.
Brigan, 28, was charged in Carlton County district court with two counts of felony criminal vehicular homicide while under the influence of a controlled substance in connection with a crash that killed Zachary Gamache, 25, of Esko and Mitchell Lingren, 29, of Duluth, near Wright on the morning of Oct. 1, 2012, as Brigan was on her way back from a methadone clinic in Brainerd.

Brigan’s plea means she will serve six years in prison with credit for time already served. After that, she will be on probation. Her formal sentence will take place April 14 in Carlton.

Lingren and Gamache were working for the Carlton County Highway Department when they were killed the morning of Oct. 1, in what law enforcement officials said was a methadone-related crash.

Brigan was accused of driving while impaired by methadone when she ran into the truck carrying Lingren and Gamache, causing them to hit a trailer.

The deaths spurred a flurry of outrage and state legislators demanded hearings to determine if more restrictions were needed on how metha­done treatment for addiction to opioid drugs is administered in Minnesota.

In May of 2013, Gov. Mark Dayton signed a bill that established licensing and program requirements for opioid treatment programs. It grants the state authority to monitor the programs for compliance with state and federal laws and regulations and compliance with accreditation standards. It also allows the state to impose licensing sanctions for noncompliance with laws, regulations, and accreditation standards.

Brigan was a patient of a Brainerd methadone clinic, had methadone in her system and had a large dose of methadone in her car, according to the criminal complaint filed against her by Carlton County authorities. A needle and syringe were found in her car as well as near the scene of the crash, and needle marks were found on her arm when she was booked into jail, the complaint said.

Her passenger was also a patient of the clinic and was wanted on outstanding warrants, according to the complaint. Brigan was driving without a valid license, according to the county. She had been in court for at least 21 traffic violations before the 2012 crash.

Charlie Daniel’s cowboy logic. Makes perfect sense to me.

Are We or Aren’t We?

March 18, 2014 – 9:55 AM

President Obama has made the statement that the U.S. Constitution is a flawed document.

It is not a president’s job to decide the merits of the Constitution but rather to enforce it as it is, or convene enough states to call for a constitutional convention and change it. It is not in his purvey or power to decide whether to enforce and defend it, it is in his oath of office and when he in any way refuses to abide by every sentence in the document, he violates his oath.

When an Attorney General decides he will ignore the Constitution and selectively enforce the duly legislated laws of the land, it is the job of the president to fire him, but when the president himself goes along with this unlawful violation, in my opinion, America has a constitutional crisis.

How does an Attorney General have more right to choose the laws he’ll enforce than private citizens have the right to decide which ones they’ll obey. What’s the difference?

When a president changes a piece of duly passed legislation that has become law, supposedly using the latitude afforded him by executive privilege, is he not circumventing the Congress and Senate and violating the process set forth in the Constitution?

The Constitution guarantees private citizens the right to keep and bear arms. There are those who will claim that this provision speaks to maintaining a militia, but keeping and bearing arms and maintaining a militia are two separate sections and never meant to be construed as one being dependent on the other.

Oh, and by the way, please don’t take my word for any of this, the Constitution is readily available online, please check it out for yourself.

There are also those who will tell you that our forefathers included the firearms provision in the Constitution for hunting, target shooting and personal protection, but the actual meaning goes much deeper.

This nation won a long and bloody war, fought largely by citizen soldiers who brought along their squirrel guns and long rifles from home, a war that defied tyranny on American soil and the framers wanted to provide Americans a means of rising against tyranny again should it ever occur in the future.

Now America has a president who would like nothing better than to confiscate all privately owned guns and is even willing to abdicate the sovereignty of the United States of America to, of all things, the United Nations, the most corrupt, inefficient, America-hating organization this side of Hezbollah.

Obama came frighteningly close to having enough traitors in the Senate to ratify the UN Arms Trade Treaty a short while ago; oh you didn’t hear about that on NBC did you? Again, check it out for yourself. You can even identify the Senators who voted for it.

Well, you can bet the game is still afoot and if the Republicans win the Senate this year and there is a lame duck Senate and a lame duck president, you’d better watch out America or we could wake up one morning with the gun control Gestapo at the door to confiscate our weapons.

The three branches of the American government, the legislative, the judicial and the executive were created as checks and balances, with any branch having the ability to counteract the actions of the other, to offset the power of the other two branches and above all to represent the will of the American people.

I sincerely believe that our forefathers never intended for an obstinate old political hack like Harry Reid to allow only legislation that benefits his party to the floor for a vote, or for President Obama to change a law with the stroke of a pen, or for the Supreme Court to allow the federal government to force citizens to buy a product because of one word, semantics.

I sincerely hope I’m wrong, but I truly believe there will be terrorist attacks in America and the only protection citizens will have is what they can band together and provide for themselves and I don’t want my family and neighbors rendered helpless.

If President Obama is left to his own devices, Obamacare will bankrupt America and destroy the greatest and most advanced healthcare system on the planet.

Why do I say that when I’m not an economist or an academic? It’s by a method of deduction I call Cowboy Logic, cutting through the fog and getting to the heart of the matter.

How has Obamacare worked so far?

Do you think medical science will be able to advance under the smothering regulations?

Do you honestly think it’s going to provide quality healthcare for everybody?

Do you think it will be fairly distributed by the bureaucracies charged with the task?

Do you think the IRS is corrupt?

Is it constitutional?

America has a lot to think about before November, and I’m the first one to say that there are rascals and hacks in both political parties. I would never presume to tell you who to vote for, but one thing I will tell you, what we’ve got now ain’t working.

Are we gonna have a constitution or aren’t we?

What do you think?

Pray for our troops and the peace of Jerusalem.

God Bless America

Charlie Daniels

- See more at: http://www.cnsnews.com/commentary/charlie-daniels/are-we-or-arent-we#sthash.J71Pjm0C.dpuf

Unbelievable. No, not really.

Convicted al-Qaida spy works for IRS

Written by Allen West on March 17, 2014
irs_alqaida
We continue our efforts to expose the infiltration of radical Islamists in America, and especially the Obama administration. Unfortunately, we never have to hold our breath for long before another case is presented.

This time, via Investors Business Daily, we learn there’s more than a “smidgen of corruption” at the IRS — there just may be treason.

Mohammad Weiss Rasool, who was busted by the FBI several years ago for spying on behalf of al-Qaida, reportedly now works for the deputy IRS chief financial officer as a financial management analyst, drawing a lucrative salary at taxpayer expense.

So now, a Muslim man convicted of abusing sensitive government data has access to the sensitive financial data of millions of Americans at an agency known for abusing such information. Sounds like a perfect fit actually.

As we previously reported, the Obama administration had loosened immigration restrictions on individuals who had provided material support to terrorist activity.

Per Investors Business Daily, In the early 2000s, Rasool immigrated to the U.S. from Afghanistan and took a job as a cop with the Fairfax County Police Department outside Washington. He worked his way up to sergeant before authorities realized they had an al-Qaida spy in their ranks.

According to a Justice Department complaint filed in 2008, Rasool searched a national criminal database containing names of terrorist suspects and confirmed that FBI agents were tailing a Muslim pal from his mosque. When agents went to arrest the target early one morning, they found him and his family already dressed and destroying evidence. They knew they had a mole, and worked back through the system to find Rasool.

According to reports, Rasool at first claimed he didn’t know the terrorist target. He confessed only after hearing a recording of his message for the suspect, Abdullah Alnoshan, a close associate of al-Qaida cleric Anwar Awlaki, who had helped some of the 9/11 hijackers in Fairfax County, Va. Rasool finally pleaded guilty to illegally searching a federal database.

There is a den of venomous Islamic snakes occupying northern Virginia and at some point it will have to be rooted out. However, to have this individual now working in the IRS with such sensitive access is disturbing. Mr. Rasool, who is still at the IRS and goes by the name “Weiss Russell,” is a felon who should have been deported after completing his sentence.

I can already hear the responses from our progressive socialist friends. These are the same folks who went apoplectic about Halliburton and ties to Vice President Dick Cheney. So is infiltration of our government agencies by Islamists the goal of that bumper sticker, “coexist?”

Read more at http://allenbwest.com/2014/03/convicted-al-qaida-spy-works-irs/#70GGWtwFgE9XvAfm.99

CONFESSIONS OF A LIBTARD: Why I’m burning my last bridge with Obama A tiny ray of hope; at least one Libtard gets it.

Why I’m burning my last bridge with Obama

 

H/T DFLDULUTHEXPOSED.com

Carey Wedler

Your tax dollars hard at work.

$1.8M set aside for review of sex offenders in Minnesota

Associated Press

ST. PAUL, MINN. –  The Minnesota Department of Human Services has budgeted $1.8 million for the possible costs of a court-ordered evaluation of the state sex-offender program.

U.S. District Judge Donovan Frank last month told a panel of experts to review the program to test whether it passes U.S. constitutional muster.

Frank said he could rule the program unconstitutional if those experts find that the program actually provides no treatment for patients, provides no way for sex offenders to graduate from the program and forces them to endure prison-like conditions.

The program houses about 700 patients and has the highest number of civilly committed sex offenders per capita among 20 states with such programs. Officials have released only two patients during the program’s two-decade existence.

I wish it would have been a larger crowd. This is just a sad, sad story. Think big brother can’t take your kids? Think again.

Dozens Rally Outside Boston Courthouse to Support Pelletier Family

BOSTON — While many were celebrating St. Patrick’s Day in the city of Boston, about 50 people gathered in below freezing temperatures to rally support for the family of a Connecticut teenager they believe was wrongly taken from her parents’ custody after a disagreement over medical care. 

Monday’s rally and prayer vigil outside the Suffolk County Juvenile Court came before another hearing in the case of Justina Pelletier, a 15-year-old from West Hartford, Conn., removed from her parents’ custody 13 months ago in a case of alleged medical child abuse.

Dozens gathered with signs outsid the Boston courthouse Monday. (Image source: Liz Klimas/TheBlaze)

Pelletier family supporters gathered with signs outsid the Boston courthouse before a hearing got underway, Monday, March 17, 2014. (Photo credit: Liz Klimas/TheBlaze)

Pelletier family spokesman Rev. Patrick Mahoney, state representatives Mark Lombardo and Jim Lyons, and advocacy group representatives spoke outside the Edward W. Brooke Courthouse.

“This is not a partisan issue,” Mahoney told the crowd. “This is an issue of justice. … Today we ask that Justina Pelletier be returned back to the loving arms of her family.”

“What is happening in Massachusetts… should alarm every parent in America,” state Rep. Lyons said.

Lyons went on to talk about hearing Lou Pelletier recount the situation involving his daughter in front of other state representatives last week.

“What this father went through, no one should have to go through in the United States of America,” Lyons said.

Lou Pelletier, Justina’s father, and one of his older daughters made an appearance at the end of the rally. Lou Pelletier spoke briefly to the media, saying he and his family were David fighting Goliath in the case.  “Please pray for the judge to have wisdom,” he said.

Lou Pelletier, Justina's father, spoke briefly before the hearing. (Image source: Liz Klimas/TheBlaze)

Lou Pelletier, Justina’s father, spoke briefly before the hearing outside the Boston courthouse, Monday, March 17, 2014. (Photo credit: Liz Klimas/TheBlaze)

“I felt it was just so unjust how they have turned the situation around to make the parents look like the villains,” she said.

Lou and Linda Pelletier had been treating their daughter for symptoms that they believe are the result of mitochondrial disease, which was diagnosed by a doctor at Tufts Medical Center several years ago. Last February, due to complications with the flu, Connecticut doctors recommended the Pelletiers take Justina to Boston Children’s Hospital to see a gastrointestinal specialist. Once there, however, doctors there said Justina had somatoform disorder instead, which would put the root of her symptoms as psychological.

When the Pelletiers disagreed with Boston Children’s Hospital’s medical plan to remove Justina’s treatments for mitochondrial disease and tried to have her discharged to Tufts Medical Center instead, they were met with resistance. Last month, Lou Pelletier recalled to TheBlaze how he called 911 and told Boston police, “my daughter is about to be kidnapped by Boston Children’s Hospital.”

Justina pictured at 13 years old is now 15 years old. For more than a year, she has been out of her parents custody after they disagreed with a medical diagnosis and doctor's recommended care at Boston Children's Hospital. (Image source: Facebook)

Justina Pelletier, pictured here at 13 years old is now 15. For more than a year, she has been out of her parents’ custody after they disagreed with a medical diagnosis and doctors recommended care at Boston Children’s Hospital. (Image source: Facebook)

On Feb. 14, 2013, the Massachusetts Department of Children and Families took custody of Justina Pelletier, something which the Pelltiers have been fighting ever since. In January, Judge Joseph Johnston ruled that Justina be released from Boston Children’s Hospital to another non-medical facility in Framingham, Mass.

Late last month, Johnston initially ruled that she be transferred to a foster facility, but after that facility wouldn’t take her, Justina remained at the Framingham facility.

“Our primary goal has always been the health and well-being of Justina,” DCF spokesman Alec Loftus said in an emailed statement Feb. 28. “We want the parents to be able to work with the providers and courts to ultimately move Justina back to her home state of Connecticut. That is the objective, and is consistent with our previous efforts to find an appropriate placement near her home. A medical team has been identified at Tufts, the family’s provider of choice, with the clinical expertise to care for Justina.”

As the case gained attention in the last months of 2013 and into 2014, small groups would gather outside the courthouse during hearings, asking for Justina’s release.

“I expect that having very strong support for the family will [help] them but also show the world that we’re not going to accept that our children can just be taken away from us without any proof, evidence or conviction. It’s unacceptable and we’re not going to tolerate this,” Melissa Kerins, who has organized these protests outside the courthouse, told TheBlaze ahead of the previous Feb. 24 hearing.

In February, lawmakers from Massachusetts joined in, asking that the teen be released back into the care of her parents. Lawmakers appeared at a vigil held on March 1 outside the Framingham, Mass., facility where Justina has been for the last couple months. The Pelletiers will appear in court Monday afternoon.

Given that Justina’s medical care has been transferred to Tufts Medical Center, something her parents were pushing for, it is expected that this case could decide Justina’s custody. It is the parents’ hope that they will regain custody of their daughter, but advocates for the family have said discussions on the DCF’s part have included transferring care to the agency in her home state.

Connecticut state Sen. Joe Markley and at least a dozen other lawmakers signed a letter to Connecticut DCF Commissioner Joette Katz, asking that the agency not involve itself in the case or, if custody is transferred to it, that the agency not create another lengthy bureaucratic process.

“In the face of legal opposition and media scrutiny, it now appears that Massachusetts DCF wants to back away from this case and restore Justina to the custody of her parents,” the letter penned by Sen. Markley said. “We see no reason for the Connecticut Department of Children and Families to involve itself in a case which has been so thoroughly examined to so little effect. This distressing story should end with Justina at home in the care of her parents, and we hope you will not delay that resolution.”

Though it was agreed that Justina’s medical care would be transferred to Tufts Medical Center, which is where a doctor originally diagnosed her with mitochondrial disease, Rev. Mahoney said that she has not yet been seen by any physicians at Tufts.

On Saturday, Justina was also taken to the emergency room with concerning marks on her stomach, which her parents saw during their weekly visit Friday and feared it was an infection.

Ahead of the rally, Mahoney told TheBlaze that this marks an important point in the case.

“It was the Pelletiers who said Justina should go to the emergency room,” he said, noting that it wasn’t called up by DCF or the workers at the Framingham, Mass., facility where she has been for the last couple months. “It goes right to the heart of the argument: parents know best.”

The religion of peace. Yup, peacenics regularly kill kids.

Texas Muslim James Larry Cosby Bludgeons Daughter And Shoots Homosexual Lover Out of “Disgust”

Devout Texas Muslim James Larry Cosby has been charged with the murder of his daughter and her homosexual lover. Is the mainstream media going to ignore the truth about Islam and it’s “intolerance” of homosexuality? On Friday March 7, 2014 in Galveston Texas, the bodies of Britney Cosby and her homosexual lover, Crystal Jackson, both 24, were found behind a dumpster. The scene was gruesome, and leftist outlets like the Huffington Post jumped on the story. Another potential homosexual hate crime, but with a twist. Had James Larry Cosby been a Christian, this crime would be front page news. Anytime a prominent pastor speaks out about the sin of homosexuality, the leftist fascists hit the ceiling. But the crime is a double murder, and the perpetrator is a devout Muslim. Will any outlet speak up about this? If the media will not report about the dangers homosexuals face in Uganda, not a word will be spoken of the connection to this double homicide.

Britney Cosby and Crystal Jackson died violently at the hands of Cosby’s father, devout Muslim James Larry Cosby. In a rage, Cosby murdered his daughter and her homosexual lover, and tried to tamper with evidence.

A Texas dad disgusted with his daughter’s lesbian lifestyle murdered the young woman and her lover, the girl’s mother said in a shocking twist to a gruesome case.

James Cosby, 46, bludgeoned his daughter Britney Cosby to death and shot her lover, Crystal Jackson, on March 6 before dumping the bodies near the ferry gate in Port Bolivar, Texas, police believe.

The bodies were found near a Dumpster around 7:30 a.m. the next day outside a Fisherman’s Cove food mart.

James Larry CosbyIt was obvious to authorities that the women were murdered somewhere else. James Larry Cosby became the prime suspect in the case when his ex- partner, and Britney’s mother, Loranda McDonald, mentioned to police that Cosby was “angry” that his daughter was a homosexual.

He said it to me a few times that he did not like the idea of her being gay,” said McDonald.

A few hours before his arrest, James Cosby had attended a vigil Wednesday evening in Houston for the women.

Trochesset said that after the vigil, sheriff’s office investigators went to Cosby’s home and interviewed him. During the interview, investigators became suspicious of Cosby and things they saw at the home.

Blood was all on the walls, all on the speakers — on the sofa,” community activist Quanell X said.

While the Sheriff would not speculate about a motive, Quanell X claims he found writings about homosexuality on Cosby’s Koran indicating he may have had an issue with his daughters sexual orientation. “In Islam homosexuality is forbidden. It is forbidden. I learned today that Larry was a practicing Muslim,” said Quanell X.

article-2578639-1C33926C00000578-136_634x392Right, no one should speculate about the reason Cosby bludgeoned his daughter to death and her homosexual lover. It’s plainly written in the Koran. “Sharia teaches that homosexuality is a vile form of fornication, punishable by death.” Quanell X is a notorious New Black Panther Activist and Nation of Islam leader in Houston. He’s the unofficial “spokesperson” for the black community in the Houston area. Quanell X‘s sole purpose is to inflame perceived injustices in the black community. He also misrepresents the true nature of Islam.

It’s quite unfortunate but he had a real, real warped understanding, in my opinion, of the religion of Islam and its position on the gay lifestyle and what one should do,” Quanell X said.

This is an absolute, bold-faced lie from Houston community activist Quanell X. He said that Islam views homosexuality as forbidden. Mr. Cosby did not have a “warped” understanding of Islam’s position on homosexuality.

Do ye commit lewdness such as no people in creation (ever) committed before you? “For ye practice your lusts on men in preference to women: ye are indeed a people transgressing beyond bounds.” – Holy Quran 7:80-81.

Homosexuality is illegal in Uganda, a Muslim country. In Iran, the punishment for homosexual acts among men is death. In Saudi Arabia, homosexuals can expect to be stoned to death. This is truth. This is Islam. The religion of peace that is responsible for putting practicing homosexuals to death. Will the media remind everyone who is intolerant? The only intolerant religion to homosexuality is Christianity. This is the truth that the media has propagated, and this is the way they will continue to portray it, no matter what happens.

 

Read more at http://freedomoutpost.com/2014/03/texas-muslim-james-larry-cosby-bludgeons-daughter-and-shoots-homosexual-lover-out-of-disgust/#SQb7kzpwddKB5tgg.99